# Basic Science Guides for JSS 1 Science and Development – Gravitation and Weightlessness, Satellite and Space Travel

TOPIC AREA – Gravitation and Weightlessness, Satellite and Space Travel

BASIC SCIENCE

THEME – SCIENCE AND DEVELOPMENT

###### TOPIC 1 – GRAVITATION AND WEIGHTLESSNESS

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

1. Scale balance

2. Various objects

3. Writing materials

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. explain the meaning of gravitation and weightlessness.

2. state the effects of gravitation on objects.

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS

1. Meaning of Gravitation and Weightlessness

2. Effects of gravitation on objects.

Note for the lesson – Gravitation and Weightlessness

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher,

1. demonstrates the effect of gravitational pull on objects.

2. leads students to demonstrate the effect of gravitation on objects.

3. guides class discussion on the effect of gratification.

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students,

1. participate in class discussion.

2. carry out demonstrations on gravitation.

3. carry out activities on weighing themselves and recording their individual weights.

LESSON EVALUATION

1. define gravitational pull.

2. describe the effects of gravitation on stone, feather, book.

3. state where a person is likely to experience weightlessness.

BASIC SCIENCE

THEME – SCIENCE AND DEVELOPMENT

###### TOPIC 2 – SATELLITE

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

1. Films

2. Picture

3. Poster

4. Paper clippings

5. Projector

6. Transparencies

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. explain the term satellite.

2. identify the uses of satellite in their communities.

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS

1. Meaning of satellite.

2. Uses of satellite in

• communication
• photography
• mapping, etc.
• Geographic Information System (GIS).

Note for the lesson – Satellites and Their Uses

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher,

1. shows pictures/posters/paper clippings and films on satellite.

2. leads discussion on the launching of Nigeria SAT 1.

3. guides students to list the possible uses of satellite.

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students,

1. observe pictures/posters and paper clippings and comment on them.

2. participate in class discussion

3. find out more about a satellite from home.

LESSON EVALUATION

1. describe a satellite.

2. mention 3 examples of satellites.

BASIC SCIENCE

THEME – SCIENCE AND DEVELOPMENT

###### TOPIC 3 – SPACE TRAVEL

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

1. Film

2. Clips

3. Picture

4. Posters

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. explain the meaning of space travel.

2. state the purpose of space travel.

3. identify the benefits and dangers of space trave l.

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS

1. Meaning of space travel

2. Purpose of space travel

3. Benefits of space travel

Note for the lesson – Benefits and Dangers of Space Travel

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher,

1. introduces the topic by showing a film or picture clippings on space travel.

2. lead class on purpose, benefits and dangers of space travel.

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students,

1. watch and comment on film/picture clippings.

2. participate in class discussion.

3. copy board summary.

4. read more on space travel.

LESSON EVALUATION

Students to,

1. explain space travel.

2. state two purposes of space travel.

3. mention 2 benefits and 2 dangers of space travel.