Basic Science for JSS 2 Science and Development – Crude Oil and Petrochemicals and Information and Communication Technology

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

THEME – SCIENCE AND DEVELOPMENT 

TOPIC 1 – CRUDE OIL AND PETROCHEMICALS 

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

1. Crude oil

2. Engine oil

3. Greas

4. Petrol

5. Kerosene

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

 

1. explain what crude oil and petrochemicals are.

2. describe the process of refining crude oil.

3. state the uses of crude oil and petrochemicals.

4. state the importance of crude oil to Nigeria.

 

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS 

1. Meaning of crude oil and petrochemicals

2. Refining of crude oil

3. Uses of crude oil and petrochemicals

4. Importance of crude oil and petrochemicals

 

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher,

 

1. leads class in discussion on:

  • meaning of crude oil and petrochemicals
  • methods of refining crude oil
  • uses and importance of crude oil.

2. leads a visit to a fuel station to see the different petroleum products

 

 STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students,

1. participate in class discussion.

2. participate in the visit and record their observations.

3. find out from home various uses of petroleum products.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Students to,

 

1. participate in class discussion.

2. participate in the visit and record their observations.

3. find out from home various uses of petroleum products.

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

THEME – SCIENCE AND DEVELOPMENT 

TOPIC 2 – INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY 

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

1. Computer

2. Mobile cell phones

3. Posters/pictures

4. Cyber cafe

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

 

1. explain the meaning of ICT.

2. identify the components of ICT.

3. describe the use of ICT components.

4. discuss the importance of ICT.

 

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS 

1. Meaning of ICT.

2. Components of ICT

– computer, fax machine, mobile cell phones, telephones, the internet.

3. Uses of some ICT components.

4. Importance of ICT: data collection and analysis, ease of communication, genetic coding, etc.

 

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher,

 

1. guides class in discussion on:

  • the meaning of ICT
  • components of ICT
  • uses of ICT
  • importance of ICT

2. shows and encourages students to bring samples of ICT components.

3. leads visit to a computer centre/cyber café.

 

 STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students,

1. participate in class discussion

2. write down all the different components of ICT seen at the computer center/cyber café.

3. bring from home familiar samples of ICT components.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Students to,

1. define the term ICT.

2. name two ICT components.

3. list three uses of ICT components.

4. explain how ICT has made the world a global village.

 

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