Basic Science Guides for JSS 3 Living and Non Living Things

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

THEME – LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS 

TOPIC 1 – METABOLISM IN THE HUMAN BODY

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

1. Charts

2. Diagrams

3. Pictures

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. recall the processes of digestion and absorption of food.

2. describe what happens to absorbed food (metabolism).

3. explain how excess food is stored.

4. mention forms in which excess foods are stored and where they are stored.

 

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS 

1. Digestion of food

2. Absorption of food in the body

3. Forms in which excess foods are stored

4. Places of storage

5. Problems associated with food storage in the body

 

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher,

1. reviews lesson on digestion and absorption of food.

2. leads discussion on the methods or forms in which carbohydrates, fats and oils are stored in the body.

3. leads discussion on how excess protein is eliminated from the body.

4. initiates discussion on advantages and disadvantages of food storage in the body.

 

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students,

1. take down board summary.

2. participate in the discussions.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Students to,

1. describe the process of digestion and absorption.

2. give two reasons why excess protein is harmful to the body.

3. list the forms in which excess foods are stored.

4. mention where glycogen is stored in the body.

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

THEME – LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS 

TOPIC 2 – NON-LIVING THINGS – ELEMENTS, COMPOUNDS AND MIXTURES

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

1. Empty tins

2. Iron nails

3. Table salt

4. Palm oil

5. Kerosene

6. Clay

7. Water

8. Sand

9. Charts

10. Gold

11. Zinc

12. Aluminium

13. Lead

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. describe the elements, compounds and mixtures with examples.

2. describe their properties and uses.

3. state the combining powers (valence of elements).

4. write the symbols of common elements.

5. write the formulae of common compounds.

 

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS 

1. Elements, compounds and mixtures:

  • examples
  • properties
  • symbols and formulae.

2. Uses of common elements, compounds and mixtures e.g. gold, crude oil, kaolin.

 

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher,

1. guides students to:

  • collect materials for the lesson
  • identify materials as elements, compounds and mixtures
  • write the symbols and formulae

2. guides class in discussion on:

  • properties and uses of common elements, compounds and mixtures.
  • combining power of elements.

3. Write notes on the board.

 

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students,

1. collect and group substances.

2. participate in the class discussions.

3. write the symbols of common elements and formulae of common compounds.

4. copy board summary.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Students to,

1. name 3 examples each of elements, compounds and mixtures.

2. state four differences among them.

3. write the symbols of four common elements and formulae of four common compounds.

4. mention four uses each of elements, compounds and mixtures.

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

THEME – LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS 

TOPIC 3 – REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

1. Pictures

2. Video film

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. explain the meaning of reproductive health.

2. explain the significance of reproductive health.

3. state ways of caring for and protecting their reproductive system.

4. mention sexually transmitted infections.

5. state adverse consequences of infection to their lives.

6. demonstrate skills for self preservation against the abuse of sexuality.

 

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS 

1. Meaning of reproductive health

2. Significance of reproductive health

3. Care and protection of the reproductive system

 

4. Sexually transmitted infections e.g. gonorrhea, syphilis, HIV/AIDS

5. Consequences of these infection

6. Coping skills for preserving productive health.

 

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher,

1. leads discussion on the care and protection of the reproductive system.

2. discusses and shows films on HIV/AIDS pandemic.

3. invites experts on reproductive health.

4. shows pictures of infected organs and persons.

 

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students,

1. participate in the class discussions.

2. watch films.

3. examine pictures of infected organs and persons.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Students to,

1. explain the meaning of reproductive health.

2. explain the significance of reproductive health.

3. mention two ways each of caring for and protecting the reproductive system.

4. mention two sexually transmitted infections.

5. state two consequences of STIs.

6. list 3 coping skills for preserving productive health.

 

BASIC SCIENCE

THEME – LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS 

TOPIC 4 – RESOURCES NON LIVING THINGS 

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

1. Posters

2. Charts

3. Dyes

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. identify the resources from living things.

2. name the sources of these resources.

3. group the resources based on their sources.

4. explain the importance of these resources to self development and societal development.

 

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS 

1. Resources from living things –

  • plant sources e.g. cash and food crops, dyes, drugs
  • animal sources e.g. hides and skin
  • dairy products etc.

2. Economic importance of resources to self and society.

 

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher,

1. prepares charts/posters.

2. guides students to identify resources and their sources.

3. explains the importance of these resources.

4. groups the resources as plant based and animal based.

5. invites guest speaker to talk on resources.

6. plans and executes field trips.

 

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students,

1. bring relevant materials to the class.

2. participate in the class discussions.

3. listen to guest talk.

4. ask and answer questions.

5. visit factories where plant and animal produce are processed for commercial purposes.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Students to,

1. list four resources obtained from living things.

2. classify resources as plant based and animal based.

3. state 3 importance of these resources.

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

THEME – LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS 

TOPIC 5 – RESOURCES FROM NON-LIVING THINGS: SOIL

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

1. Soil samples

2. Seeds

3. Seedling

4. Charts

5. Water

6. Empty cans

7. Sieve

8. Hand spade

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

 

1. identify the types of soil.

2. describe the components of the soil.

3. distinguish between soil types based on composition.

4. list the uses and importance of soil.

 

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS 

1. Meaning and Types of Soil

2. Composition of Soil

3. Uses of Soil

 

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher,

1. brings soil types.

2. guides students to identify the soil types.

3. initiates and directs class discussion.

4. guides students to separate soil into components.

5. writes notes on the chalkboard.

 

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students,

1. bring soil samples to class.

2. participate in the class discussions.

3. separate soil into its components.

4. plant seeds in different soil types (sandy, loamy and clay) and observe the plants as they grow.

5. record their observations and discuss their results in the class.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Students to,

1. list 3 types of soil.

2. name four components of soil.

3. state three difference between clay, loamy and sandy soils.

4. mention four uses of soil.

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

THEME – LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS 

TOPIC 6 – RESOURCES FROM NON-LIVING THINGS – SOLID MINERALS

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

1. Rock samples

2. Charts/posters

3. Map of Nigeria showing distribution of solid minerals

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. mention solid minerals and where they are found in Nigeria.

2. draw a map of Nigeria showing distribution of solid mineral deposits.

3. list the importance and uses of solid minerals.

 

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS 

CONTENT

1. Solid Minerals – Examples e.g. limestone, coal, gold, tin etc.

2. Where they are found in Nigeria.

3. Uses /importance of Solid Minerals

 

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher,

1. brings samples of solid minerals to the class.

2. guides students to name solid minerals and the states where they are found in Nigeria.

3. guides class in discussion.

4. guides students to draw map of Nigeria showing the location of mineral deposits.

 

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students,

1. collect samples of solid minerals in their locality.

2. participate in the class discussion.

3. draw a map of Nigeria showing distribution of solid minerals.

4. copy notes from the board.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Students to,

1. name five solid minerals found in Nigeria.

2. mention the states where they are found.

3. state three uses of the solid minerals.

4. mention two importance of solid minerals.

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

THEME – LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS 

TOPIC 3 – SENSE ORGANS 

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

1. Charts

2. Sugar

3. Salt

4. Lime

5. Tuning fork

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. identify the sense organs.

2. state the uses of the sense organs.

3. demonstrate a simple reflex action.

4. detect defects in the organs.

 

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS 

1. Sense organs and their uses

2. The brain, spinal cord and the nerves as the central nervous system (CNS)

3. Simple reflex action

4. Types of eye defects and their corrections

 

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher,

1. directs students to identify sense organs in their body.

2. leads students to demonstrate the functions of each organ using appropriate stimuli.

3. demonstrates reflex actions.

4. leads discussion on types of eye defects and their corrections.

 

STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students,

1. carry out activities to illustrate the use of each of the sense organs.

2. demonstrate simple reflex actions e.g. knee jerk.

3. participate in the discussion on the types of eye defects and their corrections.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Students to,

1. Chart

2. Sugar

3. Salt

4. Lime

5. Tuning fork

 

Leave a Comment