Basic Swimming Strokes and Health Benefits of Swimming

LESSON – SWIMMING STROKES 

TOPIC

  • Introduction
  • Basic Types of Swimming Strokes
  • Health Benefits of Swimming

 

INTRODUCTION

Swimming is a popular exercise and sport that involves movement through or in water.

A swimming stroke is a method of swimming that propel the body forward by moving the arms and legs.

 

BASIC SWIMMING STROKES

The most common swimming strokes or styles,

1. The freestyle stroke

2. The breaststroke

3. The backstroke

4. The butterfly stroke.

 

1. FREE STYLES (FRONT CRAWL) 

Freestyle is fast and efficient.

It is the fastest swimming stroke and mostly used and in the swimming leg of triathlons.

 

 

2. BREAST STROKE 

Most experienced swimmers however submerge their head during the stroke cycle to improve efficiency.

Breaststroke is the slowest of the competitive strokes.

 

 

3. BACKSTROKE SWIMMING  

Backstroke is swum on the back. It is faster than breaststroke but slower than butterfly.

Backstroke is faster than breaststroke but slower than butterfly.

Physicians often prescribe backstroke swimming to people experiencing back problems because it gives the back an excellent workout.

 

 

4. BUTTERFLY SWIMMING STROKES 

Butterfly is the second fastest swim stroke after freestyle.

It has a reputation of being hard to learn and is quickly exhausting. But once you have mastered it, swimming a few lengths of butterfly can be a lot of fun!

 

 

SAFETY RULES FOR SWIMMING  

Safety rules for swimming are as follows:

1. Stay alert – and stay alive.

2. Do not swim immediately after a meal.

3..Do not eat or chew near the swimming pool.

4. Ensure the presence of a lifeguard before going into the swimming pool.

5. Warm up before swimming, that is, do light stretches.

6. Do not enter the pool unless you are asked to do so.

7. Shower first before entering the pool.

8. Stay in the depth that is your height until you have learnt to swim.

 

HEALTH BENEFITS OF SWIMMING 

The health benefits of swimming are as follows:

1. It builds endurance, muscle strength and cardiovascular fitness.

2. It helps you maintain a healthy weight, healthy heart and lungs.

3. It tones muscles and builds strength.

4. It provides an all-over body workout, as nearly all of your muscles are used during swimming.

5. It improves coordination, balance and posture. 

6. It regulate body temperature.

7. It burns burns calories than jogging.

8. It slows down ageing.

9. It boosts confident.

10. It is good for asthma patients.

11. It improves the body image.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Answer all the questions.

1. Explain the meaning of swimming.

2. state 4 types of swimming strokes.

3. describe the following:

  • Freestyle stroke
  • Breaststroke
  • Backstroke
  • Butterfly stroke

4. differentiate between swimming and swimming stroke.

5. mention 5 safety rules for swimming.

 

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)

1. ________ is a popular exercise and sport that involves movement through or in water.

A. swimming

B. bathing

C. swinging

 

2. ________ is a method of swimming that propel the body forward by moving the arms and legs.

A. Backstroke

B. Freestyle stroke

C. Swimming stroke

 

3. ________ is fast and efficient stroke.

It is the fastest swimming stroke and mostly used and in the swimming leg of

A. Trapezium

B. Triathlons

C. Triangles

 

4. ________ is the slowest of the competitive strokes.

A. Freestyle

B. Butterfly stroke

C. Breaststroke

 

5. Most experienced swimmers however submerge their head during the stroke cycle to ________.

A. improve swimming

B. improving stroke

C. improve efficiency

 

6. ________ swum on the back.

A. Freestyle

B. Butterfly stroke

C. Backstroke

 

7. Backstroke is ________ than breaststroke but ________ than butterfly.

A. faster, quicker

B. faster, shower

C. faster, slower

 

8. ________ is faster than breaststroke but slower than butterfly.

A. Freestyle

B. Butterfly stroke

C. Backstroke

 

9. ________ often prescribe backstroke swimming to people experiencing back problems because it gives the back an excellent workout.

A. Teacher

B. Coach

C. Physician

 

10. ________ is the second fastest swim stroke after freestyle.

A. Freestyle

B. Butterfly stroke

C. Backstroke

 

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