Food and Nutrition Guides SS 1 The Reproductive Health and Digestive System

 

FOOD AND NUTRITION 

THEME – BASIC HUMAN AND PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESSES IN RELATION TO NUTRITION

TOPIC 1 – REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

1. Charts showing male and female reproductive organs.

2. Chart showing foods that enhance reproductive health.

3. Pictures of obese persons, kwashiorkor children.

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

 

1. define reproductive health.

2. identify male and female reproductive organs.

3. explain the relationship between adequate nutrition and reproductive health.

4. explain the meaning of dietary deficiency diseases.

5. discuss the signs, symptoms and causes of dietary deficiency diseases.

 

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS 

1. Definition of reproductive health

2. Identification of male and female organs

 

3. The relationship between nutrition and reproductive health

4. Dietary deficiency diseases, e.g. kwashiorkor, obesity, marasmus, etc.

5. Signs, symptoms and causes of dietary deficiency diseases

 

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher,

1. Leads the discussion on reproductive health.

2. Explains the male and female reproductive organs and the relationship between nutrition and reproductive health.

3. Discusses the dietary deficiency diseases including signs, symptoms and causes/cure.

 

 STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students,

 

1. Participate in the discussion.

2. Point at the parts on the charts.

3. Describe the pictures on display.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Students to,

1. define reproductive health.

2. explain the meaning of dietary deficiency diseases.

3. indicate at least two signs, symptoms and causes of dietary deficiency diseases.

4. give two ways by which reproductive health and nutrition are related.

 

FOOD AND NUTRITION 

THEME – BASIC HUMAN AND PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESSES IN

TOPIC 2 – THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

A chart showing a summary of digestive processes with the enzyme functions (reactions).

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. explain the meaning of digestion.

2. define simple metabolic terms.

3. describe the digestive processes of each nutrient in the mouth and oesophagus.

4. describe the digestive processes of each nutrient in the stomach and intestine.

5. discuss different enzymes in relation to the different nutrients.

6. explain the role of water and roughages in the digestive process.

 

CONTENTS OF THE LESSON

FOCUS LESSONS 

1. Meaning of digestion

2. Definition of simple metabolic terms e.g. enzymes absorption

 

3. Digestion and absorption of nutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, etc.) in the mouth and oesophagus

4. Digestion and absorption of nutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, etc) in the stomach and intestines

5. Functions of enzymes e.g. ptyalin, amylase, trypsin, maltase, etc.

6. The role of water in digestion and absorption

 

LESSON PRESENTATION

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher,

1. Defines digestion, absorption and metabolic terms.

2. Leads the discussion on the digestive processes in the mouth, oesophagus, stomach and intestine.

3. Gives a chalk-board summary.

4. Discusses the functions of the enzymes.

5. Discusses the importance of water in the digestive process

 

 STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES

The students,

1. Participates in the discussion.

2. Copy the digestive process summary on the chart.

3. Write down the chalkboard summary

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Students to,

1. define digestion and absorption.

2. list two enzymes each that act on carbohydrates, proteins, fats and oils (lipids) in the mouth, oesophagus, stomach and intestine.

3. give two functions of water in digestion and absorption.

 

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