Internal Parts of Motor Vehicles (Cars)

LESSON – INTERNAL PARTS OF A CAR

A vehicle is a machine used to carry people or goods from place to place on land, water or in the air.

The following are types of vehicles – wagon, bicycle, motor vehicle, etc.

 

MOTOR VEHICLES 

A motor vehicle is an automotive vehicle such as motorcycles, cars, trucks and buses.

 

EXTERNAL PARTS OF MOTOR VEHICLE 

The external parts of motor vehicle are as follows:

  • Roof
  • Body shell
  • Window
  • Boot
  • Doors and their handles
  • Side mirrors
  • Wheel
  • Tire
  • Turn signal
  • Bumpers
  • License plate
  • Headlights
  • Seats
  • Seat belt
  • Fuel gauge
  • Temperature gauge
  • Car trip meter, etc.

 

INTERNAL PARTS OF MOTOR VEHICLE 

The internal parts of motor vehicle are as follows:

1. Steering

2. Break pedal

3. Hand break

4. Clutch pedal

5. Speedometer

6. Fuel guage

7. Window and door lock control

8. Ait ventilation control

9. Turn signal buttons and indicators

10. Air view mirror

11. Car audio/radio

12. Emergency flashers

13. Glove box

14. Accelerator pedal

15. Gearbox

16. Cup holder

17. Floor carpets

18. Seats and seat belts

 

FUNCTIONS OF INTERNAL PARTS OF A CAR 

1. STEERING 

A steering is the wheel that the driver holds and turns to control the direction of a car.

It is also known as the driving wheel or handwheel.

 

2. BRAKE PEDAL

A brake pedal is the pedal that makes a car go slower or stop.

 

3. HAND BREAK

A handbrake is also known as parking break or emergency break.

It is called parking break because it keeps the car from moving after parking.

It is called emergency break because it is used to stop a car if the main brakes fail.

 

4. CLUTCH PEDAL 

A clutch pedal is the pedal connects or disconnect between the car’s engine from transmission.

When the clutch pedal is not pressed down, there is a connection between the engine and transmission.

But, when the clutch pedal is no pressed down, there is a disconnection between the engine and transmission.

It is only found a manual car.

 

5. SPEEDOMETER 

A speedometer is a device that displays the speed of a car.

 

6. FUEL GAUGE 

A fuel gauge is a device that shows the amount of fuel in a fuel tank.

 

7. WINDOW AND DOOR LOCK CONTROL

Wind and door lock control are the buttons that open or close the window or door automatically or manually.

 

8. AIR VENTILATION CONTROLS 

Air ventilation controls are the devices that control the air conditioner.

It is used used to regulate or control the warm air coming from the engine and cool air from air conditioner.

 

9. TURN SIGNAL BUTTONS AND INDICATORS 

Turn signal buttons are the buttons that turn on the signal indicators and lights.

It sends signal to the driver and other road users indicating right turn or left turn direction.

 

10. REAR VIEW MIRROR 

Rear view mirror is designed to allow the driver see through the cars rear window.

 

11. CAR RADIO/AUDIO 

Car radio/audio is used for entertainment and information for the passenger.

It is also used for making or receiving calls.

The car radio/audio comes with the following functions – Fm radio, cassette CD or DVD player, bluetooth, navigation system, etc.

 

12. EMERGENCY FLASHERS 

Emergency flashers are also known as hazard lights.

They are activated when a driver pushes the button or switch and automatically turn on all the four signal lights warming other drivers that a car is parked on the side of the road.

 

13. GLOVE BOX OR STORAGE COMPARTMENT 

Glove box is used for miscellaneous.

 

14. ACCELERATOR PEDAL 

The accelerator pedal is also known as the gas pedal.

It is used to control the amount of gas pumped and the speed of the car.

Slowly push gradually accelerate the car.

 

15. GEARBOX OR AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION 

Gearbox is found on the centre of the car.

It can be manual or automatic.

The driver uses the gearbox to manually to shift the gears as he/she accelerate or slow down the car.

There is no clutch pedal and gear shift n an automatic transmission car.

Once the transmission is put to drive (D), everything else is automatic.

 

16. BEVERAGE OR CUP HOLDER 

Cup hold is used to hold hold drinks, food, and any small things you want to keep.

 

17. FLOOR CARPET 

Floor carpet prevents dirt and water from the driver’s or passenger’s shoes to spread inside the car.

 

18. SEAT AND SEAT BELT 

There are two (2) types of seats – driver and passenger seats.

Each of the seat comes with safely belts normal called seat belt.

A seat belt is a safety device that keeps everyone in the car safe during accident or a sudden emergency stop of the vehicle.

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Answer the questions.

1. Identify 5 internal parts of a car.

2. state the functions of the following:

  • Steering
  • Break pedal
  • Hand break
  • Clutch pedal
  • Speedometer
  • Fuel guage
  • Window and door lock control
  • Air ventilation control
  • Turn signal buttons and indicators
  • Air view mirror
  • Car audio/radio
  • Emergency flashers
  • Glove box
  • Accelerator pedal
  • Gearbox
  • Cup holder
  • Floor carpets

18. Seats and seat belts

3. differentiate between brake pedal and handbrake.

4. state the different between air conditioning and air ventilation controls.

5. differentiate between manual and automatic gear.

6. state the different between emergency flashers and signal lights.

7. differentiate between fuel gauge and speedometer.

8. state the relationship between seats and seat belts.

9. differentiate between the driver’s seat and passenger’s seats.

 

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