Introduction to Woodwork (Hand Tools)

 

LESSON – INTRODUCTION WOODWORK (HAND TOOLS) 

TOPIC
  • Introduction
  • Hand tools for Woodwork
  • Classification of Woodwork Hand Tools
  • Cares and Maintenance for Woodwork Hand Tools

 

INTRODUCTION 

A woodwork hand tool is any tool that is used by hand rather than a motor.

Some of the tools are stated and classified as measuring tools, setting and making tools, driving tools and boring tools.

Woodworks are the items or products made from wooden materials.

For example, chairs and desk, doors and windows, etc.

 

HAND TOOLS FOR MAKING WOODWORK 

Hand tools are parts of our day to day activities.

Hand Tools for woodwork are tools used by hand for making woodworks.

 

These tools are portable and are operated manually,

1. Tape rules

2. Metre rules

3. Saws

4. Punch

5. Smoothing plane

6. G – clamp

7. Wrenches

8. Screwdrivers

9. Vice

10. Hammer, etc.

For this lesson, we are looking six hand tools which are classified as measuring tools, marking tools and cutting tools.

 

CLASSIFICATION OF WOODWORK HAND TOOLS

Hand tools for woodwork are classified as follows:

1. Measuring tools

2. Marking tools

3. Setting and making out tools

4. Cutting tools

5. Driving in tools

6. Boring tools

7. Holding tools

 

1. MEASURING TOOLS

Measuring tools are tools used for taken measurements, 

  • Metric rules 
  • Inside calipers
  • Outside calipers
  • Pair of dividers, etc.

 

2. MARKING TOOLS 

Marking tools are used for marking on the parts of the wood to be cut,

  • Divider
  • Knife
  • Punch

 

3. SETTING AND MARKING OUT TOOLS

These tools are used for measuring straight lines and setting out work,  

  • Try square
  • Sliding bevel
  • Meter square
  • Pair of compasses
  • Trammels, etc.

 

4. CUTTING TOOLS 

Cutting tools are tools for cutting wooden materials needed for construction,

  • Saw
  • Jack plane
  • File
  • Plane saw

There are different types of saws.

 

Examples are rip saw, panel saw, fret saw, bow saw, cross saw, tenon saw, dovetail saw coping saw.

The planes are used for finishing in woodwork.

Examples are Jack plane, smoothing plane, trying plane, spokeshare.

 

5. DRIVING TOOLS 

Driving tools are tools used for driving in or driving out nails and other objects, 

  • Hammer
  • Mallet
  • Screwdriver
  • Punch, etc.

 

6. BORING TOOLS 

These tools are used for both woodwork and metal work.

Boring tools are tools for making or drilling holes on the piece of wood,

  • Wood brace
  • Ratchet brace
  • Bradawl

 

7. HOLDING DEVICES

Holding devices are the tools used to hold the wood piece together on the workbench,

  • Bench vice
  • Bench stopper
  • G – clamp

 

CARES AND MAINTENANCE OF WOODWORK HAND TOOLS 

Good tools are an investment, respect and care for each one of them and they will return the favor.

Proper care and maintenance will save you time and money.

1. Regularly clean. Keep your tools always Clean.

2. Regular inspection and repair the damage parts.

3. Proper storage. Keep your tools in a dry place.

4. Keep tools in their original cases.

Woodwork hand tools can be classify into

1. Measuring tools

2. Marking tools

3. Cutting tools

4. Boring tools

5. Driving in tools

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Answer all the questions.

1. explain the meaning of woodwork and hand tools used for making woodwork.

2. give 3 examples of the following hand tools used for making woodwork,

  • Cutting tools
  • Drinking in tools
  • Making tools
  • Boring tools
  • Measuring tools
  • Holding tools

3. identify and demonstrate correct use of each wood hand tool.

4. state 5 cares and maintenance for woodwork hand tools.

5. practice maintenance of each tool.

 

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