Meaning and Types of Buildings | Materials used for Building | Meaning and Types of Special Buildings

TOPIC – BUILDING 

SUB – TOPIC 

  • Meaning and Types of Buildings
  • Materials used for Buildings
  • Meaning and Types of Special Buildings

 

INTRODUCTION

Shelter is one of the basic needs of life.

A shelter is a basic architectural structure or building that provides protection from the local environment.

Having a place of shelter, of safety and of retreat, i.e. a home, is commonly considered a fundamental human needs.

Sometimes, it is called house or home.

 

MEANING OF BUILDING 

Building is a structure with walls and a roof, such as a house, factory, school, church or mosque, shop, etc.

 

TYPES OF SPECIAL BUILDING 

Special Building is a building used for a particular purpose such as,

1. Residential buildings

2. Educational or Institutional Building –

3. Assembly Buildings

4. Factory and Industrial Buildings

5. Worship Center

6. Business Building

7. Hospital Building

8. Correctional building

9. Sport centre

10. Hotel building

 

1. RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS 

A residential building is a building where a person may live or stay on daily basis.

Residential building is also known as house or home.

 

2. EDUCATIONAL OR INSTITUTIONAL BUILDINGS 

An education building is an academic building where people teach or learn.

For examples,

  • Nursery and primary schools
  • Secondary schools
  • Polytechnic and College of Education
  • University

Education building is also called school, institutional or academic building.

 

3. ASSEMBLY BUILDINGS 

Assembly building is a building where people gather for different purposes.

People gathered for different reasons such as worship, ceremony, amusement, entertainment, deliberation, dining, drinking, education, entertainment, instruction, etc.

Examples of assembly building are,

  • Halls
  • Cinemas
  • Church or Mosque
  • Schools
  • Markets
  • Banks, etc.

 

4. FACTORY AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS 

A factory building is a building where goods and services are made available for private and general use.

It is a place where people manufacture, alter, repair, clean wash, break-up, adapt or process any goods and services.

 

5. WORSHIP CENTER

A worship centre is a building or place of worship.

For examples,

  • Church
  • Mosque
  • Shrine

 

6. BUSINESS BUILDING

Business building is a building where commercial activities take place.

For examples,

  • Banks
  • Insurance
  • Filling Station
  • Market
  • Shopping
  • Shopping Mall, etc.

 

7. HOSPITAL BUILDING 

Hospital building is a building used for medical, surgical, psychiatric, nursing or custodial care on a 24-hour basis, including convalescent facilities, social rehabilitation centers, mental hospitals, detoxification facilities, and alcohol and drug centers.

 

8. CORRECTIONAL BUILDING 

A correctional building or centre is a public or private building used for confinement of people convicted of serious crimes.

 

9. SPORT BUILDING 

Sport complex is a building or part of a building where different games are played.

For example – stadium, tennis court, swimming sport, etc.

 

10. HOTEL BUILDING 

A hotel building is a building where people pay to stay for a short period, vacation or holiday.

 

MATERIALS NEEDED FOR BUILDING 

Building materials are materials used for the construction such as,

1. Sand

2. Rock

3. Water

4. Block or brick

5. Metal

6. Wood

8. Tiles

9. Nails

10. Glass

12. Aluminium

13. Plumbing materials such as pipes, wc for toilets, etc.

14. Electrical materials such as wire, sockets, etc.

 

LESSON EVALUATION/ASSIGNMENT 

1. explain the meaning of building.

2. state the why a building is special.

3. mention 5 types of special buildings in your community.

4. describe the following:

5. list 10 materials needed for building.

 

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