Meaning and Types of Buildings | Materials used for Building | Meaning and Types of Special Buildings
TOPIC – BUILDING
SUB – TOPIC
- Meaning and Types of Buildings
- Materials used for Buildings
- Meaning and Types of Special Buildings
Shelter is one of the basic needs of life.
A shelter is a basic architectural structure or building that provides protection from the local environment.
Having a place of shelter, of safety and of retreat, i.e. a home, is commonly considered a fundamental human needs.
Sometimes, it is called house or home.
MEANING OF BUILDING
Building is a structure with walls and a roof, such as a house, factory, school, church or mosque, shop, etc.
TYPES OF SPECIAL BUILDING
Special Building is a building used for a particular purpose such as,
1. Residential buildings
2. Educational or Institutional Building –
3. Assembly Buildings
4. Factory and Industrial Buildings
5. Worship Center
6. Business Building
7. Hospital Building
8. Correctional building
9. Sport centre
10. Hotel building
1. RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS
A residential building is a building where a person may live or stay on daily basis.
Residential building is also known as house or home.
2. EDUCATIONAL OR INSTITUTIONAL BUILDINGS
An education building is an academic building where people teach or learn.
- Nursery and primary schools
- Secondary schools
- Polytechnic and College of Education
Education building is also called school, institutional or academic building.
3. ASSEMBLY BUILDINGS
Assembly building is a building where people gather for different purposes.
People gathered for different reasons such as worship, ceremony, amusement, entertainment, deliberation, dining, drinking, education, entertainment, instruction, etc.
Examples of assembly building are,
- Church or Mosque
- Banks, etc.
4. FACTORY AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS
A factory building is a building where goods and services are made available for private and general use.
It is a place where people manufacture, alter, repair, clean wash, break-up, adapt or process any goods and services.
5. WORSHIP CENTER
A worship centre is a building or place of worship.
6. BUSINESS BUILDING
Business building is a building where commercial activities take place.
- Filling Station
- Shopping Mall, etc.
7. HOSPITAL BUILDING
Hospital building is a building used for medical, surgical, psychiatric, nursing or custodial care on a 24-hour basis, including convalescent facilities, social rehabilitation centers, mental hospitals, detoxification facilities, and alcohol and drug centers.
8. CORRECTIONAL BUILDING
A correctional building or centre is a public or private building used for confinement of people convicted of serious crimes.
9. SPORT BUILDING
Sport complex is a building or part of a building where different games are played.
For example – stadium, tennis court, swimming sport, etc.
10. HOTEL BUILDING
A hotel building is a building where people pay to stay for a short period, vacation or holiday.
MATERIALS NEEDED FOR BUILDING
Building materials are materials used for the construction such as,
4. Block or brick
13. Plumbing materials such as pipes, wc for toilets, etc.
14. Electrical materials such as wire, sockets, etc.
1. explain the meaning of building.
2. state the why a building is special.
3. mention 5 types of special buildings in your community.
4. describe the following:
5. list 10 materials needed for building.