Eternal Parts of Vehicles

LESSON – ETERNAL PARTS OF VEHICLE 

TOPIC

  • Meaning and Types of Vehicle
  • Eternal Parts of Vehicle
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of A Car

 

INTRODUCTION

A vehicle is a machine used to carry people or goods from place to place on land, water or in the air.

 

TYPES OF VEHICLES 

The types of vehicles are as follows:

1. Wagons

2. Bicycles

3. Motor vehicles

4. Railed vehicles

5. Watercraft

6. Amphibious vehicles

7. Aircraft

8. Spacecraft

 

WAGONS 

A wagon is a four wheeled vehicle pulled by people or animals like horse, donkey, etc. to carry goods or commodities.

In the olden days, it is one of the means of transportation used by man.

 

BICYCLES 

A bicycle is a two wheel vehicle that is pedaled by the rider.

 

MOTOR VEHICLES 

A motor vehicle is an automotive vehicle such as motorcycles, cars, trucks and buses.

 

RAILED VEHICLES 

A railed vehicle is a vehicle trains and trams driven on the railway.

 

WATERCRAFT

A watercraft is a vehicle used on and in water.

For examples – ships, boats, underwater vehicles.

 

AMPHIBIOUS VEHICLES 

An amphibious vehicle is a vehicle used on the land as well as on and in the water.

For examples – screw-propelled vehicles and hovercraft.

 

AIRCRAFTS 

Aircraft is a vehicle that can fly in the air.

For examples – airplanes, helicopters and aerostats.

 

SPACECRAFT

A spacecraft is a vehicle used to fly in outer space.

Spacecraft are used for a variety of purposes such as communications, earth observation, meteorology, navigation, space colonization, planetary exploration, and transportation of humans and cargo.

 

EXTERNAL PARTS OF A VEHICLE 

1. EXTERNAL PARTS OF A WAGON

The external parts of wagon are as follows:

  • Wagon bed
  • Wagon cover
  • Jockey box
  • Wheels
  • Tongue
  • Neck

 

2. EXTERNAL PARTS OF A BICYCLE 

The external parts of bicycle are as follows:

  • Saddle (seat)
  • Frame
  • Gearing
  • Brakes
  • Wheels and Tyre
  • Strokes
  • Valve
  • Chain
  • Pedal
  • Handlebars

3. EXTERNAL PARTS OF A MOTOR VEHICLE (CAR) 

The external parts of motor vehicle are as follows:

  • Roof
  • Body shell
  • Window
  • Boot
  • Doors and their handles
  • Side mirrors
  • Wheel
  • Tire
  • Turn signal
  • Bumpers
  • License plate
  • Headlights
  • Seats
  • Seat belt
  • Fuel gauge
  • Temperature gauge
  • Car trip meter, etc.

 

5. EXTERNAL PARTS OF A RAILED VEHICLE

The external parts of railed vehicle are as follows:

  • Drive cab
  • Coupler
  • Body shell
  • Roof
  • Wheels
  • Pantograph
  • HVAC
  • Windows
  • Doors
  • Gangway

 

6. EXTERNAL PARTS OF A WATERCRAFT (BOAT) 

The external parts of watercraft are as follows:

  • Bow – the front of a boat
  • Stern – the rear of a boat
  • Starboard – the right side of a boat
  • Port – the left side of a boat
  • Hull – the body of a boat
  • Gunwale – the upper edge of boat’s side
  • Cleat – the metal fitting on which a rope can be fastened
  • Propeller – the rotates and powers a boat forward or backward
  • Navigation lights

 

7. EXTERNAL PARTS OF AN AMPHIBIOUS VEHICLE 

As common to a motor and a boat. 

 

8. EXTERNAL PARTS OF A AIRCRAFT (AEROPLANE) 

The external parts of aircraft are as follows:

  • Cockpit
  • Windows
  • Door
  • Wheel and tyres
  • Fuselage
  • Slats
  • Turbine engines
  • Spoilers
  • Winglets
  • Wings
  • Vertical and horizontal stabilizers
  • Rudder

9. EXTERNAL PARTS OF SPACECRAFT 

The external parts of spacecraft are as follows:

  • External tank
  • Right and left rocket boosters
  • Orbiter
  • Main engine

 

ADVANTAGES (USES) AND DISADVANTAGES OF CARS

ADVANTAGES (USES) OF CARS

The advantages (uses) of vehicles are follows:

1. It is used for carrying people and goods from place to place.

2. It saves time and energy.

3. It is faster than trekking.

4. It is a social symbol such cars, private jet, etc.

5. It is used for racing.

6. It is necessity for a large family.

 

DISADVANTAGES OF CARS 

The disadvantages of vehicles are as follows:

1. It is caused land, water and air pollution.

2. It is very expensive.

3. The cost of maintenance is high.

4. It is one of the causes of high death rate.

5. It causes temporary or permanent injury to the body.

 

DRAW AND LABEL A CAR

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Teacher asks pupils to:

1. explain the meaning of vehicle.

2. state 5 types of vehicle with one example each.

3. give at least one example of the following:

  • Watercraft
  • Aircraft
  • Spacecraft
  • Motor vehicle
  • Railed vehicle

3. differentiate between aircraft and spacecraft.

4. what is the different between motor vehicle, watercraft and amphibious vehicle.

5. What types of vehicle is the following:

  • Car and bus
  • Boat and submarine
  • Aeroplane and helicopter
  • screw-propelled vehicles and hovercraft.

6. state at least 5 external parts of the following:

  • Wagon
  • Bicycle
  • Motor vehicle
  • Aircraft
  • Watercraft
  • Amphibious vehicle
  • Spacecraft

7. what the different between boat and submarine.

8. state 5 common vehicle in your community.

9. Draw and lebel eternal parts of a car.

 

 

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