Food and Adequate Diet (Classes of Food)

LESSON – FOOD AND ADEQUATE DIET 

TOPIC

  • Meaning and Classification of Foods
  • Importance of Foods or Reasons for Eaten Foods
  • Meaning and Importance of Adequate Diet

 

INTRODUCTION

Foods are nourishing substance that we eat and drink, or taken into the body for healthy living.

 

THE REASONS OF EATING FOOD/IMPORTANCE OF EATING FOOD 

Foods are very important substance required by the body to growth and function well.

For our body to function well, we eat food for the following reasons –

1. Energy

2. Growth

3. Preventing disease from the body

4. Fighting disease in the body

5. Cleaning the body system

6. Social enjoyment

 

CLASSES OF FOOD 

There are six classes of food required by the body to growth and function well,

1. Carbohydrates

2. Fats and oils

3. Minerals

4. Proteins

5. Vitamins

6. Water

 

1. CARBOHYDRATES 

Carbohydrates are energy given food and found in food like rice, noodles, bread and other products that have grains.

 

2. FATS AND OILS 

Fats and oils are for growth and function normally and help with tissue growth.

They are found in foods like meat, fish, whole eggs, vegetables, nuts.

 

3. MINERALS 

Minerals are Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Potassium and Zinc.

Minerals can be found meat, fish, poultry, grains.

 

4. PROTEINS 

Proteins are for growth, maintaining or repairing body tissues and found in food like rice, beans, dairy products, fish, meat, eggs.

 

5. VITAMINS 

Vitamins help to regulate and boost immune system of the body.

They can be found in almost any product on the Earth.

 

6. WATER 

Water support life and needed on regular basis.

 

MEANING OF ADEQUATE DIET 

Balanced diets are the different types of food that provide adequate amounts of the nutrients necessary for good health.

Balanced diet is also known as adequate or healthy diet.

 

IMPORTANCE OF ADEQUATE DIET 

The importance of adequate diet are as follows:

1. It builds the body.

2. It growths and repairs of body tissue.

3. It gives energy to the body.

4. It protects the body against diseases.

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Answer all the questions in section A And B:

SECTION A – OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS 

1. _________ are nourishing substance that we eat and drink, or taken into the body for healthy living.

A. Foods

B. Water

C. Fruits

 

2. _________ are very important substance required by the body to growth and function well.

A. Fruits

B. Water

C. Foods

 

3. Foods are nourishing substance that we eat and drink, or taken into the body for _________.

A. growth

B. healthy living

C. energy

 

4. There are _________ classification of food required by the body to growth and function well.

A. 6

B. Sixty

C. Six

 

5. _________ are energy given food.

A. Vitamins

B. Protein

C. Carbohydrates

 

6. _________ are for growth and function normally and help with tissue growth.

A. Water

B. Minerals

C. Fats and oils

 

7. _________ are Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Potassium and Zinc.

A. Minerals

B. Fats and oils

C. Water

 

8. _________ help to regulate and boost immune system of the Body.

A. Vitamins

B. Protein

C. Carbohydrates

 

9. _________ are for growth, maintaining or repairing body tissues.

A. Vitamins

B. Protein

C. Carbohydrates

 

10. _________ support life and needed on regular basis.

A. Fats and oils

B. Minerals

C. Water

 

Give two (2) examples of each of following:

11. Carbohydrates _________ and _________

12. Proteins _________ and _________

13. Minerals _________ and _________

14. Vitamins _________ and _________

15. Fats and oils _________ and _________

 

List three (3) food items in home:

16. _________, _________ and _________

17. _________, _________ and _________

 

State three (3) reasons for eating food:

18. ____________________________________

19. ____________________________________

20. ____________________________________

 

SECTION B – THEORY 

1. explain the meaning of food.

2. state 5 reasons why we eat.

3. what the different between adequate and unbalanced diet.

4. what is another word for adequate diet and unbalanced diet.

5. mention 6 classes of food with at least 2 examples each.

6. classify the following food,

  • Rice
  • Bean
  • Yam
  • Egg
  • Vegetables
  • Fruit
  • Palm oil
  • Water
  • Amala
  • Fish

 

 

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