LESSON – COLOURS
- Various Colours Around Us
There are objects of different colours in our environment.
Some are red, black, blue, etc.
We all have the colour we like best.
One person may like blue colour, another may like red best and yet another may like green colour.
Each colour has somebody who likes it.
VARIOUS COLOURS AROUND US
There are various colours around us.
Some of them represent nature, symbols, business, even nation.
Some of them are – Red, Blue, Yellow, Purple, Green, etc. as in the
1. Sky –
2. Grass –
3. Flower –
4. Available animals around –
5. School’s uniform –
6. National flag, etc.
COMPONENTS OF LIGHT (RAINBOW)
Components of light are known as rainbow.
There are seven (7) colours in rainbow.
The colours are –
The colour of light are written as ROY G BIV for quick recall.
TYPES OF COLOURS
There are two (2) types of colours –
1. Primary Colours
2. Second Colours
1. PRIMARY COLOURS
Primary colours are basic colours that can produce other colours by mixing together.
The basic are as follows:
2. SECONDARY COLOURS
Secondary colours are colours that are obtained by mixing two primary colours together.
Secondary colours are as follows:
1. Add RED and GREEN = PURPLE
2. Add RED and BLUE = GREEN
3. Add GREEN and BLUE = ORANGE
COLOURS OF OBJECTS/LOGOs
1. Nigerian flag – Green White Green
2. School’s uniform –
3. Lagos State Commercial Bus – yellow and black, BRT – light and deep blue, lagbus – red
4. Nigerian Police – Black, green or camouflage
5. Classroom Board – white or black board
6. Teacher’s Shoe – black or brown
7. School’s Buildings –
MATERIALS THAT PRODUCE COLOURS
The following materials produce natural colour,
2. Acalypha leaves
4. Ground leaves
5. Yam leave
6. Cassava leaves
7. Millet Leaves
8. Bitter leaf
9. Ugu leaves
10. Water leaf
11. Hibiscus flower
12. Clay Soil, etc.
Answer all the questions.
1. separate white light into the component colours;
2. identify and name the colours of light; (rainbow);
3. name at least two objects that have characteristics of natural colours;
4. collect and list at least three materials that produce colours;
5. sort primary and secondary colours from a collection of coloured plates;
6. identify characteristics of colour shades;
7. mix colours and identify the shades of colours produced.