Activities of Living Things | Characteristics of Living Things | Associated Organs and Importance of the Activities of Living Things




Living things include many kinds of organisms – the plants, animals, fungi, etc. that can be readily seen in nature or with a microscope. Living things can be found in every type of habitat on Earth – on land and in lakes, rivers, and oceans. Although all these organisms are very different from one another but have similar characteristics.



The activities of living things are –

1. Movement – Living things like man, dogs, goats, etc. move from one place to another on their own. Forms of movements include, walking, running, jumping, swimming, and flying. Plants also moved but not like man and animals. They move according to stimuli, move towards light and water.

2. Sensitivity/Irritation – Living things respond to conditions around them. For example, cold, heat, etc.

3. Respiration – All living things respire. Take in oxygen and give out carbon dioxide. Plants take in carbon dioxide and give out oxygen.

4. Nutrition – Living things feed on different nutritional foods for growth and development.

5. Growth – All living things grow in height, size and weight. Plants continue to grow throughout their life time while man and animals stop at a certain stage of life.

6. Reproduction – All living things have the ability to produce their young ones. Man and animals release waste in form of urine, carbon oxide, sweat, etc. While plants also do the same in form of water, gum, etc.

7. Excretion – This is the ability to remove waste from the body.

8. Death When living things are unable to carry out all these activities, they are said to be death.



1. Movement – Hands, Legs, Winds and Fins.

2. Sensitivity/Irritation – Eyes, nose, skin, tongue and ears.

3. Respiration – Nose, mouth, and skin.

4. Nutrition – Mouth

5. Growth – The whole body.

6. Reproduction – The reproductive organs.

7. Excretion – The productive organs, the anus and the skin.



The purpose/importance of activities are,

1. To reduce the risk of disease, strengthen bones and muscles.

2. To immediate and long-term health benefits.

3. To improve your quality of life.

4. To improve your brain health.

5. To help manage weight.

6. To improve your ability to do everyday activities.




Teacher asks students to,

1. Discuss the activities of living things.

2. list five activities of living things.

2. name the organs associated with these activities mentioned in question 2.

3. mention five purpose of the activities.



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